The study aimed at finding out if children of Muslim-Christian marriages have experienced role conflicts in six areas of social life, namely: religion, food, mode of dressing, dialect, ethnic group identification, and marriage perspective. It was conducted in the cities of Iligan and Marawi, with 155 marginal children, as respondents, most of whom are students.
The data obtained through the questionnaire were subjected to chi-square to differentiate the two sets of respondents in their responses to these questions:
1) Do marginal in Iligan and Marawi experience conflicting parental expectations in religion, food, mode of dressing, dialect, ethnic group identification, and marriag eorientation?
While both groups experience role conflicts, a significant difference is noted with more Iligan marginal having a higher proportion of role conflicts in religion, food, ethnic identification, and marriage perspective than Marawi marginal. Presence of role conflict is lower in the areas of mode dressing as shared by both groups.
2) In what instances do role conflict occur?
Religious occasions such as Ramadhan and Christmas, day of worship (Friday and Sunday), visitation of Muslim relatives, visitation of Christmas relatives, and social gatherings are a situation of role conflict common to both groups in most social areas, except in religion.
3) What are the ways role conflicts is made known to the marginal?
Iligan and Marawi marginal alike reported similar ways as to how their parents made their expectations known to them. That is, mainly verbal and often reinforced with actions.
4) How often the marginal experienced role conflict?
The two groups report the occurrence of role conflict on a weekly basis in all social areas.
5) What are the feelings of marginal when subjected to role conflict?
Majority of marginal in the study felt sad and confused when subjected to parental conflicting expectations in most social areas.
6) Who has the final say in their role conflict situation?
The fathers of marginal from the two cities always make the final decision in the different social areas in this study.
7) How do marginal assess the seriousness of the role conflict?
Assessment patterns, which come in three types, are common to the marginal respondents. Role conflicts in religion and marital orientations are viewed as serious problems, role conflict in mode of dressing and dialect are not a problem, and role conflict in ethnic group identification is perceived to most Marawi marginal as not a problem while their counterparts in Iligan are undecided of their assessment.
8) What are the copings mechanisms used by marginal in dealing with role conflict?
The foremost coping mechanisms used by the two groups are compromise and consistency in obeying a parent. Compromising to their parents’ different expectations is used in the areas of religion, food, mode of dressing, and ethnic group identification.Consistency in the following only one parent is used in marriage and dialect.
These findings have implications for theory building in family, socialization, culture, ethnic group identification, majority-minority relations, role conflict, and marginality. Also, the same results have practical applications for family welfare.
Cited as: MENDOZA, Myrma Jean A.. Patterns of Role Conflict Among Marginal in Iligan City and Marawi City. Master’s Thesis, MSU-IIT. 1992
Category: Arts, Social Science
Course/Degree: Master of Arts in Sociology (MA Socio)
School/Institution/University: School of Graduate Studies, Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology
School Address: Tibanga, Iligan City, Philippines
Published in: 1992